Urology (Greek οὖρον — urine и -λογία — study, science) — the area of clinical medicine studying the etiology, pathogenesis and diagnostics of urinary system diseases, male reproductive system diseases, adrenal gland diseases and other pathological processes in the retroperitoneal space and developing methods for treatment and prevention thereof.
Urology is a surgical discipline, a branch of surgery, therefore, unlike nephrology, urology deals mostly with the issues of surgical treatment of various conditions of the aforementioned organs and systems.

When does one have to consult a urologist?

A professional advice would be like that: on a regular basis, without waiting for any symptoms causing advanced stage of a disease to appear. Men aged 40 and above absolutely have to attend a urologist once a year at least. If You don’t have any symptoms, this, regretfully, doesn’t mean You are all right. Numerous urological diseases are known to occur and develop asymptomatically, advancing to a disregarded state when the consequences are already irreversible.

What are the symptoms calling for an immediate consultation by a urologist?

• Painful urination;  
• Blood in urine or sperm;  
• Stranguria; 
• Frequent urination, several times a night;  
• Full urinary bladder, the feeling of incomplete urinary bladder emptying;  
• Dark urine; 
• Urethrorrhea; 
• Pain in the stomach, groin, back or side;  
• Penis edema;   
• Enuresis. 

One should keep in mind that urology is a science studying not just the male reproductive system diseases, but the diseases of male and female excretory systems as well. 


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